Beethoven

Ludwig van Beethoven

(1770-1827)

Ludwig van Beethoven

Beethoven is the most powerful and dramatic of the Classical composers. He made his early living as a celebrity pianist in Vienna, but he played so loudly at people’s parties that he was usually put in a different room from the crowd. Contemporary musicians described his playing as a force of nature like a thunderstorm entering the room. Beethoven continued the tradition of Haydn, Mozart, and Clementi, writing 32 piano sonatas, which are central to the modern concert literature. The most famous sonatas are the Moonlight, Pathetique, Waldstein, and Appassionata. His many short piano pieces, called Bagatelles, are the equivalent of the preludes of Bach and Chopin, the most famous of which is Fur Elise.

Sonatas

  • Piano Sonata No. 1 in F minor Opus 2, No. 1
    1. Allegro
    2. Adagio
    3. Menuetto – Allegretto
    4. Prestissimo
  • Piano Sonata No. 2 in A Opus 2, No. 2
    1. Allegro vivace
    2. Largo appassionato
    3. Scherzo – Allegretto
    4. Rondo grazioso
  • Piano Sonata No. 3 in C major Opus 2, No. 3
    1. Allegro con brio
    2. Adagio
    3. Scherzo: Allegro
    4. Allegro assai
  • Piano Sonata No. 4 in E-flat Opus 7
    1. Allegro molto e con brio
    2. Largo, con gran espressione
    3. Allegro
    4. Rondo – poco allegretto e grazioso
  • Piano Sonata No. 5 in C minor Opus 10, No. 1
    1. Allegro molto e con brio
    2. Adagio molto
    3. Prestissimo
  • Piano Sonata No. 6 in F Opus 10, No. 2
    1. Allegro
    2. Allegretto
    3. Presto
  • Piano Sonata No. 7 in D Opus 10, No. 3
    1. Presto
    2. Largo e mesto
    3. Menuetto – allegro
    4. Rondo – allegro
  • Piano Sonata No. 8 in C minor, Op. 13
    “Pathétique”

    1. Grave – Allegro di molto e con brio
    2. Adagio cantabile
    3. Rondo: Allegro
  • Piano Sonata No. 9 in E Opus 14, No. 1
    1. Allegro
    2. Allegretto
    3. Rondo – Allegro comodo
  • Piano Sonata No. 10 in G Opus 14, No. 2
    1. Allegro
    2. Andante
    3. Scherzo – allegro assai
  • Piano Sonata No. 11 in B-flat Opus 22
    1. Allegro con brio
    2. Adagio con molto espressione
    3. Menuett o
    4. Rondo – allegretto
  • Piano Sonata No. 12 in A-flat Opus 26
    1. Andante con variazioni
    2. Scherzo, allegro molto
    3. Maestoso andante
    4. Allegro
  • Piano Sonata No. 13 in E-flat Opus 27, No. 1
    1. Andante – allegro
    2. Allegro molto vivace
    3. Adagio con espressione
    4. Allegro vivace
  • Piano Sonata No. 14 in C-sharp minor Opus 27, No. 2 “Moonlight Sonata”
    1. Adagio sostenuto
    2. Allegretto
    3. Presto agitato
  • Piano Sonata No. 15 in D Opus 28
    1. Allegro
    2. Andante
    3. Scherzo – allegro vivace
    4. Rondo – allegro ma non troppo
  • Piano Sonata No. 16 in G Opus 31, No. 1
    1. Allegro vivace
    2. Adagio grazioso
    3. Rondo – allegreetto
  • Piano Sonata No. 17 in D min Opus 31, No. 2
    1. Largo – Allegro
    2. Adagio
    3. Allegretto
  • Piano Sonata No. 18 in E-flat Opus 31, No. 3
    1. Allegro
    2. Scherzo – Allegretto vivace
    3. Menuetto – moderato e grazioso
    4. Presto con fuoco
  • Piano Sonata No. 19 in G minor 49, No. 1
    1. Andante
    2. Rondo
  • Piano Sonata No. 20 in G Opus 49, No. 2
    1. Allegro, ma non troppo
    2. Tempo di Menuetto
  • Piano Sonata No. 21 in C Opus 53 – Waldstein
    1. Allegro con brio
    2. Introduzione – Adagio molto
    3. Rondo – Allegretto moderato – Prestissimo
  • Piano Sonata No. 22 in F Opus 54
    1. In tempo du’n menuetto
    2. Allegretto
  • Piano Sonata No. 23 in F minor Opus 57 – Appassionata
    1. Allegro assai
    2. Andante con moto
    3. Allegro ma non troppo
  • Piano Sonata No. 24 in F-sharp Opus 78
    1. Adagio Cantabile – Allegro ma non troppo
    2. Allegro Vivace
  • Piano Sonata No. 25 in G Opus 79
    1. Presto alla tedesca
    2. Andante
    3. Vivace
  • Piano Sonata No. 26 in E-flat Opus 81a Das Lebewohl
    1. Das Lebewohl, adagio – allegro
    2. Abwesenheit, andante espressivo
    3. Wiedersehen, vivassamente
  • Piano Sonata No. 27 in E minor Opus 90
    1. Met Lebhaftigheit
    2. Nicht zu geshwind
  • Piano Sonata No. 28 in A Opus 101
    1. Allegretto ma non troppo
    2. Vivace ala Marcia
    3. Adagio ma non troppo – tempo dei primo-pezzo – allegro
  • Piano Sonata No. 29 in B-flat Opus 106 – Hammer-Klavier
    1. Allegro
    2. Scherzo assai vivace
    3. Adagio sostenuto
    4. Largo – Allegro – Largo – Allegro risoluto
  • Piano Sonata No. 30 in E Op. 109
    1. Vivace, adagio esspressivo
    2. Prestissimo
    3. Themes Variations – Andante
  • Piano Sonata No. 31 in Ab Op 110
    1. Moderato cantabile, molto espressivo
    2. Allegro molto
    3. Adagio ma non troppo, Arioso dolente, Allegro ma non troppo
  • Piano Sonata No. 32 in C minor Opus 111
    1. Maestoso – Allegro con brio e appassionato
    2. Arietta – Adagio

Other

  • Bagatelles, Opus 33
    • 1.  
      E-flat major, Andante grazioso quasi allegretto
    • 2.  
      C major, Scherzo. Allegro
    • 3.  
      F major, Allegretto
    • 4.  
      A major, Andante
    • 5.  
      C major, Allegro ma non troppo
    • 6.  
      D major, Allegretto quasi andante
    • 7.  
      A-flat major, Presto
  • Bagatelles, Opus 119
    • 1.  
      G minor. Allegretto
    • 2.  
      C major. Andante con moto
    • 3.  
      D major. A l’Allemande
    • 4.  
      A major. Andante cantabile
    • 9.  
      A minor. Vivace moderato
    • 11.
      B flat major. Andante, ma non troppo
  • Two Piano Sonatinas (Anh 5)
    • Sonatina in G major
      1. Moderato
      2. Romance
    • Sonatina in F major
      1. Allegro Assai
      2. Rondo, Allegro
  • Bagatelles, Opus 126
    • 4.  
      B minor, Presto
    • 5.  
      G major, Quasi allegretto
    • 6.  
      E flat major, Presto
  • Bagatelle in A minor, “Für Elise” (WoO 59)
  • Rondo in C major (Opus 51, No. 1)
  • Rondo à Capriccio for piano in G major, “Rage over a lost penny” (Opus 129)
  • Six Variations on a Swiss song (WoO 64)
  • Six Variations on Nel Cor piu non mi sento by Paisiello (WoO 70)
  • 8 Variations on Une fièvre brûlante by Grétry (WoO 72)
  • 6 Variations on an original theme (WoO 77)
  • 32 Variations in C minor (WoO 80)
  • Six Ecosaisses (WoO 83)